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When Do We Need Colonoscopies?

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A colonoscopy is an important medical procedure used to detect, diagnose, and treat several diseases of the colon and rectum. It is generally recommended for people aged 45 and older with an increased risk of colon cancer. However, it can also be recommended for younger individuals with certain risk factors or symptoms associated with conditions of the colon or rectum.

In this article, we will discuss when a colonoscopy is necessary and what to expect during the colonoscopy. By understanding why a person may need a colonoscopy, they can make an informed decision on whether to proceed with the procedure.

Why Is Colonoscopy Required?

Colonoscopy is an important medical procedure that helps detect, diagnose, and treat several conditions related to the colon and rectal areas of the body. The procedure involves a doctor inserting a thin, flexible tube into the rectum and through the large intestine (colon) to examine the lining of the colon and rectum for abnormalities or other signs of disease.

Colonoscopy is often recommended for people to reduce the risk of developing colorectal cancer. This includes people who have a family history of the disease, as well as people who are over the age of 45. Colonoscopy is also recommended for people with certain symptoms, such as changes in bowel habits, blood in the stool, abdominal pain, or unexplained weight loss.

Colonoscopy is a very important procedure as it can help to detect and diagnose several different conditions, such as polyps, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, and colorectal cancer. Polyps are growths that can develop in the lining of the colon and rectum and can become cancerous if left untreated. During a colonoscopy, the doctor can identify and remove polyps, reducing the risk of colorectal cancer in the future.

How Is A Colonoscopy Performed?

A colonoscopy is a diagnostic process to assess the large intestine (colon). It is done to check for abnormalities, such as polyps, ulcers, tumors, and other changes in the colon. It is also used to diagnose and treat certain digestive conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

A colonoscopy is typically performed by a gastroenterologist in Dallas, a doctor specializing in diagnosing and treating digestive diseases. During the procedure, the doctor will thread a flexible tube with a light and camera (colonoscope) into the rectum and up through the large intestine, allowing them to look for abnormalities.

Before the procedure, the patient will be asked to drink a special solution that helps clear the colon. This solution is usually taken the night before the procedure. During the procedure, the patient will be given a sedative to help them relax.

Once the patient is sedated, the gastroenterologist will insert the colonoscope into the rectum and guide it through the large intestine. The doctor will look for polyps, ulcers, tumors, and other changes in the colon. If any polyps or abnormalities are found, the doctor may take a biopsy or remove the polyp.

At the end of the procedure, the doctor will remove the colonoscope, and the patient will be taken to a recovery area. After the procedure, the patient may experience some cramping or bloating, but these symptoms should resolve quickly if they occur.


Overall, a colonoscopy is a safe, effective way to diagnose and treat certain digestive conditions. Talking to your gastroenterologist about the procedure is important before deciding to proceed.

Stuart Akerman, MD, is a top-rated Gastroenterologist in Dallas, Plano, Frisco, and McKinney, TX. Schedule an appointment for a Consultation, or consider requesting an open-access colonoscopy procedure if you are between ages 45-65, looking to have a screening colonoscopy performed, and are in good health!


DISCLAIMER: Please note that this blog is intended for Informational Use only and is not intended to replace personal evaluation and treatment by a medical provider. The information provided on this website is not intended as a substitute for medical advice or treatment. Please consult your doctor for any information related to your personal care.


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